Note: You should preprocess variables for templates.

Printing the blocks

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/* Print custom block content */
$block = module_invoke('block','block_view','1');
print render($block['content']);
      
/* Print the whole custom block (with divs, title etc.) */
$block = block_load('block','1');
print drupal_render(_block_get_renderable_array(_block_render_blocks(array($block))));
      
/* Print a views block */
$block = module_invoke('views','block_view','print_block_test_view-block');
print render($block);

Parameters for the functions:

$module = module name (like block or views)

$hook = hook inside the module to invoke (like block_view)

$delta = identifier of the block (like test_view-block or 1)

You can find the right module and delta name for the block when hovering configure link in blocks page in admin/structure/block

Like this:

  • /admin/structure/block/manage/block/1/configure
  • /admin/structure/block/manage/views/test_view-block/configure

An example:

Create a custom block in admin/structure/block/add:

Create an article node/add/article:

Create a view to show that article admin/structure/views/add:

Save & exit

Create a template for article (node–article.tpl.php) in themes/bartik/templates/

Edit the template and use the code to print these above the $content:

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$custom_block = module_invoke('block','block_view','1');
$whole_block = block_load('block','1'); // not really the whole block until render
$views_block = module_invoke('views','block_view','test_view-block');
      
print render($custom_block['content']);
print drupal_render(_block_get_renderable_array(_block_render_blocks(array($whole_block))));
print render($views_block);

Now you have something like this above the article content:

Remember to flush caches.